The Sagarmatha National Park was established in 1976. In 1979, it became the country’s first national park that was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site. Sagarmatha National Park situated at the foothills of Himalayas has occupied an area of 1,148 sq. kilometers. It offers the most magnificent views of rugged mountains, glaciers, valleys and river.
The forests provide habitat to at least 118 species of birds, including Himalayan Monal, Blood Pheasant, Red-billed Chough, and Yellow-billed Chough. Himalayan Thars, Musk deer, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear and Red Panda, Martens and Himalayan wolves are some of the rare mammal species found in the park. Plant species like Blue pine, Silver fir, Juniper, Rhododendrons, birch etc have glorified the beauty of the park.
Tourism to the area began in the early 1960s. In 2003, about 19,000 tourists arrived. About 3500 Sherpa people live in villages and seasonal settlements situated along the main tourist trails. The park’s visitor centre is located at the top of a hill in Namche Bazaar, where a company of the Nepali Army is stationed for protection of the park. The park’s southern entrance is a few hundred metres north of Monzo at 2,835 m (9,301 ft), a one-day trek from Lukla